Hanoi architectures brings a unique & charming looking with the new of rapid development & the old of reserved streets in French colonial styles.
Architecture and urban planning
The thick history together with the diverse culture makes Hanoi to possese the various but unique architechture. Unfortunately, after a period of development without a careful plan, the tube houses are mushroomed on a number of winding streets; the religious constructions are located deeply in the residential areas; the high buildings are next to old towns; the electric poles are covered with a large number of wires; the city lacks of public space. In 2010, the city drew the general plan of construction to 2030 with a vision to 2050 for a city of 9.1 million residents in 2030 and above 10 millions in 2050. In architecture, Hanoi can be divided into 4 areas: the Old Quarter, the ancient citadel, the French town and the newly planned areas.
In the afternoon of July 29th 2011, the Ministry of Construction and Hanoi People’s Committee announced the general plan for the city construction in 2030, vision to 2050. The announcing ceremony is organized at the Natonal Plan Exhibition Palace.
The Old Quarter
Hanoi Old Quarter – the city centre of history now keeps serving as the most crowded area in the city. The space of this area is considered an isosceles triangle with the top of Hang Than Street, the Eastern side is Red River dike, the Western side are Hang Cot, Hang Dieu, Hang Da streets and the bottom are Hang Bong – Hang Gai – Cau Go Streets. For many years, the locals here have love on handicraft making, small trading. Thus, many street with its name in association with the worl the local their do including Hang Bac, Hang Bo, Hang Duong, Hang Thung and so on.
Ta Hien street - a corner of Hanoi Old Quarter for foreigners.
All the houses on the two roadsides in this area follow th style of tube houses with some distinct features including: the narrow breadth, deep length, sometimes connect to another street. The arrangement inside the houses is quite similar. In particular: the outside compartment is the store, nest to it is an outdoor yard to get sunlight. On the yard, there are tank, trees, flowers for decorations. The inner compartment is the living space and other rooms for kitchen or toilet is deeper inside. Recent years, the extremely high population density has caused Hanoi Ancient Town to be downgraded seriously. Thus, the city has a plan to reallocate the residents to ensure the locals’ life and also protect the Old Quarter.
The ancient citadel
Thang Long Citadel located between West Lake and Hoan Kiem Lake appeared at the same time with Thang Long Capital. After many time of devastations, reconstructions, Thang Long citadel at present is just some traces. On Phan Dinh Phung Street, there is a relic of Cua Bac, which is the gate of the citadel built firmly from brick. Another trace includes Hanoi Flag Pole on Dien Bien Phu Street, built in 1812.
This nearly 40m-high construction includes 3 large veranda floors and a tower in cylinder with spiral staircase inside leading to the top. In the South of the citadel, there remains a complex of relics called Quoc Tu Giam Literature Temple, built in the early of 11th century. This complex includes 2 main relics: Literature Temple – worshipping Khong Tu, scholars of Confusion and Chu Van An and Quoc Tu Giam – the first university of Vietnam, a construction serving as not only an attractive tourist destination but also a place where a number of cultural activities take place.
Temple of Literature - the first university of Thang Long.
In July 31st 2010, at the 34th meeting taking place in Brasil capital of Brasilia, the World Heritage Committee under UNESCO recognized Thang Long Citadel in Hanoi as the World cultural heritage based on 3 criteria: the length of history and culture, the continuance of assets as a powerful centre and the diverse layers of relics and arterfacts. In the morning of October 1st 2010, in the opening ceremory celebrating Thang Long - Hanoi 1000 years old, Mr. Irina Bokova, General Director of UNESCO offered authority of Hanoi city the world cultural heritage certificate of Thang Long Citadel.
The France town
French architecture is often considered a heritage of Hanoi. However, many changes have been made so far. The high buildings and the houses imitate French style make the French town difficult to identify. Besides, that many plots of land have been merged to build the skyscrapers, smashes up the scenery. The low fences along roads , the typical colours as yellow of walls and green of wood doors are all changed and covered with advertising panels. At present, with the support of Île-de region in France, the city department of Architechture and Plan are implementing the project of preserving and developing this town.
At the end of 1990s and 2000s,a number of main roads in Hanoi including Giai Phong, Nguyen Van Cu, Lang Ha, Ngoc Khanh, Thai Ha were expanded. Hotels, high rise buiding appeared, new urban areas including the South of Thang Long Bridge, the North of Thang Long Bridge, West Lake Travel, Dinh Cong, Bac Linh Dam were established. Currently, the area of My Dinh has quickly been urbanized with a series of high buildings, which make Hanoi in pretty and modern appearance.
Outstanding constructions in Hanoi
The colonial period has given Hanoi a number of huge constructions which keep playing important roles including the Opera, President Palace, Bac Bo Palace, the head quarter of Foreign Ministry, History Museum, Sofitel Metropole Hotel and so on.
Some works were dismantled to be rebuilt like the administrative building which was replaced by the office of city People’s Committee. Other work like Hang Co Station was restored without keeping its original architecture. In the next stage, some new constructions appeared in Hanoi with some typical ones of Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, Ho Chi Minh Museum, Ba Dinh Hall.
During the two recent decades, together with the development of economy, a number of skyscrapers and hotels appeared including Daewoo hotel, Sofitek Plaza, Melia hotel, Honoi Tower which has brought Hanoi the modern appearance. Hanoi also witnessed the foundation of important constructions including National Convention Centre, My DInh National Stadium which were build to celebrate the 1000th birthday of Thang Long – Hanoi. Currently, a number of works have been constructed including Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower, Hanoi City Complex, Hanoi Museum and Congress Buiding.
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